Some of the Benefits of Growing Native Trees
- They require less maintenance because native tree trees do not need extra water, and are typically drought resistant. Native trees do not need any pesticide spraying because they are already acclimated to the local insect population.
- They limit the chances of non-native species invading the landscape.
- They support local flora and fauna essential for ecosystem diversity.
Questions to consider when selecting a native tree for your yard
- Do you want a small or large tree? Consider the tree’s maximum height before planting.
- During autumn, where will the leaves fall?
- Do you want a tree that will cast a lot of shade? Consider planting trees with large crown sizes, such as oak.
- Will your tree grow into overhead obstructions such as wires and buildings? Consider the mature size of the tree before planting.
- Will blowing leaves be a problem for your neighbors? Consider planting an evergreen like a white pine.
- Will raking and bagging the leaves be a problem? Consider a tree such as the honey locust whose small leaves will be carried away by the wind.
- Consider the issues of allergies if choosing a nut tree.
- Does your tree provide a windbreak or sun block to minimize your house’s energy needs?
- Is your tree too close to a building?
Trees suitable for Planting in the Annex
|Tree Name||Moisture Requirement||Soil Requirement||Suitable Light Conditions||Maximum Height|
|Silver maple||moist-wet||sand, loam, clay||full sun to partial shade||35 metres|
|Red maple||moist-wet||sand, loam||partial shade to full sun||25 metres|
|Sugar maple||moist-wet||loam, clay||partial shade to full shade||35 metres|
|Northern hackberry||dry-wet||loam, clay||full sun to partial shade||15 metres|
|Balsam poplar||moist-wet||sand, silt||full||25 metres|
|Basswood||dry-wet||sand, loam||partial shade to full shade||30 metres|
|Trembling aspen||moist||sand, loam, clay||full sun||25 metres|
|American elm||well-drained||loam, clay||full sun to partial shade||24 metres|
|Alternate-leaf dogwood||well-drained||silt or clay||full sun to partial shade||10 metres|
|American beech||moist||loam||partial shade to full shade||25 metres|
|Blue beech||moist||loam, sandy-loam||full shade to partial sun||8 metres|
|Ironwood||dry-moist||clay, sand, loam||full shade to full sun||10 metres|
|Pin oak||well-drained||clay, loam, sandy||full sun||23 metres|
|Red oak||dry-moist||sand to loamy-clay||full sun to partial shade||25 metres|
|White oak||dry-moist||sand, sandy-loam||full sun to partial shade||35 metres|
|Bur oak||dry-wet||loam, clay||full sun to partial shade||15 metres|
|Black oak||dry-moist||sand||full sun to partial shade||20 metres|
|American chestnut||well-drained||sand, loam||full sun to partial shade||23 metres|
|Bitternut hickory||moist||sand, loam||full sun to partial shade||25 metres|
|Butternut||dry-moist||loam||full sun||25 metres|
|Black cherry||dry-moist||sand, loam||full sun to partial shade||22 metres|
|Red mulberry||well-drained||loam||full sun||20 metres|
|Chokecherry||moist, well-drained||sandy loam, clay||full sun||12 metes|
|Pin cherry||dry||sand, loam||full sun||12 metres|
|Serviceberry||dry-moist||loam, sandy loam||full sun to partial shade||10 metres|
|Sycamore||moist-wet||sand, loam clay||full sun to partial shade||30 metres|
|Tamarack||moist||peat, wet sandy loam||full sun||25 metres|
|Eastern white cedar||dry-wet||sand, loam, clay||full sun to partial shade||35 metres|
|White birch||dry-moist-wet||sand, loam, gravel loam||full sun||25 metres|
|Yellow birch||moist||loam, sandy loam||full sun to partial shade||25 metres|